Anthurium colonicum K. Krause
Published to science in 1916, Anthurium colonicum (co-LON-i-cum) is considered endemic to (exclusively found in) Panama and can be observed from Veraguas to Code in Panamanian provinces from near sea level to approximately 1,150 meters (3,500 feet) in tropical and wet pre-mountainous rain forest regions. However, reports exist on scientific data bases that Anthurium colonicum has also been infrequently collected in Brazil (near Rio de Janeiro) and in Colombia. Anthurium colonicum is a member of section Pachyneurium which includes all the birds nest Anthurium forms.
Anthurium colonicum has lobed leaf blades that are ovate/triangular and grow to 120cm (4 feet) with an average width of 13 to 39cm (5.2 to 15.35 inches). The term ovate/triangular refers to a leaf that appears to be a combination of oval and triangular at the same time. An epiphyte (ep-a-FIT) grows on trees, Anthurium colonicum is recognized by its elongated leaf blades with lightly ruffled edges.
The leaf blades are coriacious
(leathery) weakly glossy and bi-colorous. The midrib of the blade
is convex on the adaxial (upper) surface. The primary lateral veins are
convex on each side but are clearly visible on the abaxial surface (underside) of the
blade. The petioles which support each leaf are sub-terete (just
less than round) and are narrowly canaliculate (grooved) and measure
26 to 90cm (10.25 to 35.4 inches) long. The cataphylls which are a
modified leaf that surrounds each new leaf as it emerges dry to
fibers and are persistent on the specimen. The cataphylls are
coriaceous growing to 20 to 25cm (7.9 to 9.85 inches) in length and
sometimes become deciduous falling from the plant.
An aroid, all Anthurium species reproduce via the production an inflorescence. The stalk that supports the entire inflorescence is the peduncle. When an Anthurium is "in flower" the reference is to the tiny flowers containing both male and female sexual parts that grow on the spadix at the center of the inflorescence. Unlike plants in the genus Philodendron which contain imperfect flowers having only a single sex Anthurium possess perfect flowers containing both sexes. To help prevent self pollination nature has designed the female flowers to be receptive before the male portion of the flower produce their pollen so in most cases an insect must bring pollen from another plant.
Once the female portion of the flowers on the spadix have been fertilized by an insect, normally a beetle, they produce berries. The colorful berries are then eaten by birds and other rain forest animal species that spread them among the branches of the trees in their droppings. As a result, Anthurium colonicum does not need to have its roots in soil but simply dangle in the air. Nourishment is supplied by falling debris from the branches above the specimen as well as by the frequent rains.
A. colonicum often has a stubby spadix that produces sharply pointed orange berries. The aroid's Inflorescences stands erect on a peduncle that is purplish in color but may also be spreading to pendent (hanging downwards). The spathe is purple on the inside and is reflexed (turned back) as well as both twisted and green with purple-violet or a reddish color on the exterior. The spadix is green turning purplish and produces white pollen. You can learn more about natural pollination within aroid species by clicking this link:
Anthurium species are
known to be highly variable and not every leaf of every specimen
will always appear the same. This link explains in non-technical
language natural variation and morphogenesis within aroids and other
Join the International Aroid Society: http://www.exoticrainforest.com/Join%20IAS.html
If you are seeking information on other rare species, click on "Aroids and other genera in the Collection" at the top and look for the