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The Exotic Rainforest
is a Private Botanical Garden
The garden is open to the public free of charge.

Some of the tropical Aroids and other genera in the Collection
Listed by the scientific name of each species along with a common name if available. 
New plant descriptions and photos are frequently added.

Click on any name below to see a photo and read a description.

If you are seeking information on any specimen scroll to the appropriate section below.  For sake of accuracy all plants in the Exotic Rainforest collection are in alphabetical order by scientific name since the majority have no common name.  Common names are included beneath the scientific name when appropriate.   The name of the botanist that described the plant to science in accepted botanical abbreviation is included since many scientific names have been published multiple times.  Without the author's name there is no way of knowing if the publication is accepted and correct.  Think of it as trying to look up the name "John Smith".  If you don't know Mr. Smith's full legal name the chances are slim you will find the correct individual.  Many early botanists made frequent errors and with names such as "Philodendron cannifolium" were used inaccurately to describe a variety of plants in error.  Those plants were actually in other genera and were not the species most people are seeking.  Read this page for a full explanation::  Philodendron  martianum Engler   Common names as well as many names that sound Latin are not published in science and are simply "made-up".  Frequently used plant names are frequently synonyms (same plant but a name published after the accepted name) and are included beneath the accepted scientific name.  The accepted name is the name that should be used.  

We strive to use the current botanically accepted name and the spelling on each page is verified on either the International Plant Names Index (a service of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in London) or TROPICOS (a service of the Missouri Botanical Garden).  

We do not use common names as the correct name nor any name taken from the horticultural texts Tropica and Exotica since many in those texts have been proven to be inaccurate.  Mr. Graf's texts are somewhat acceptable resources for growers but are poor sources for botanically accurate information.

There are nearly 300 plant species in the Exotic Rainforest collection with the majority being aroids (Araceae).  Nearly half of those have yet to be described on this site.  We use scientific language but always attempt to explain it in easily understood terms so anyone can understand our explanations. 

An in the list indicates a rare tropical plant that is either not often found in nature or difficult for collectors to obtain.

 New: Understanding, pronouncing and using Botanical terminology, a Glossary

** Click on any name to see the plant and description**
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Alocasia Species
Sometimes known as "Elephant Ears"

Alocasia Amazonica
A hybrid of Alocasia watsoniana and Alocasia noblis
often confused with
Alocasia micholitziana Sander
Also known as African Mask, Green Velvet
Known commercially as Alocasia 'Frydek' and sometimes as Alocasia 'Maxkowskii'

Alocasia cucullata (Lour.) G. Don
Chinese Taro

Alocasia gageana Engl. & K. Krause
 Known previously as
Alocasia california

Alocasia longiloba Miq.
Alocasia lowii Hook

   Alocasia odora  (Roxb.) K. Koch

   Alocasia scalprum A. Hay
Alocasia Samar Lance
Alocasia zebrina Schott ex Van
Alocasia zebrina reticulata form
An apparent sport
sold with the non-scientific name of
Alocasia Reticulata
This discussion includes Alocasia tigrina and Alocasia 'Tigrina Superba'

Amorphophallus Species

Anthurium Species

  Anthurium angamarcanum Sodiro

  Anthurium argyrostachyum Sodiro
Synonym:  Anthurium pandurifolium

Anthurium clarinervium Matuda

     Anthurium colonicum K. Krause

Anthurium cordatum (L.) Schott
 Caribbean Heart Shaped Anthurium
Also known as Anthurium isertianum, Anthurium fallax,
 Anthurium concinnum, Anthurium commutatum 
and Pothos cordata

Anthurium eminens Schott
Synonym: Anthurium wittianum Engl.

  Anthurium hookeri Kunth
Not the common Birds Nest Anthurium!

Anthurium jenmanii Engl

Anthurium longipeltatum Matuda
    Anthurium luxurians  T.B. Croat & R. Cirino
Formerly known as Anthurium splendidum

  Anthurium magnificum Linden
Anthurium Marie
correctly Anthurium x Marie

Anthurium Obake 
a hybrid form of

Anthurium andreanum

Anthurium papillilaminum Croat

    Anthurium pendulifolium N.E. Br.

Anthurium plowmanii Croat
Common names:  Anthurium Ruffles, Anthurium 'Fruffles'

       Anthurium podophyllum
(Schltdl. & Cham.) Kunth

  Anthurium polyschistum
R.E. Schult. & Idrobo
   An anthurium that grows like a vine!

  Anthurium pseudospectabile Croat
Can be mistaken for
Anthurium spectabile

Anthurium radicans K. Koch & A. Haage
Sometimes known as Anthurium malyi

Anthurium radicans x dresserii

   Anthurium regale Linden
The Regal Anthurium

   Anthurium rugulosum Sodiro

Anthurium sagittatum (Sims) G. Don

Anthurium schlechtendalii Kunth

   Anthurium spectabile Schott
Formerly Anthurium longispatheum

  Anthurium truncicola England
Sometimes known to collectors as Anthurium Code 21

    Anthurium veitchii Mast.
The Queen Anthurium

The Strap Leaf Anthurium
Anthurium warocqueanum J. Moore Florist & Pomol
the King Anthurium

     Anthurium watermaliense  
Hort. ex L.H. Bailey & Nash

    The Black Anthurium

Begonia Species

Begonia bowerae Hybrid
Possibly Begonia 'Persian Brocade'
The Eyelash Begonia

Begonia hernandioides Merr.

Bromeliad Species and Hybrids

Bromeliad Hybrid
Neoregelia ‘Fireball'

Guzmania Hybrids

Bromeliad Hybrids
Billbergia sp., Neoregelia sp., 
Nidularium sp, Vriesea sp.

 Tillandsia Hybrid

Vriesea Sp.

Brugmansia Species

Brugmansia sp.
Angel Trumpet Tree

Caladium Species

Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent.

Campyloneurum Species

Campyloneurum phyllitidis (L.) C. Presl
Formerly Polypodium phyllitidis
Incorrectly Campyloneuron phyllitidis

Synonyms: Cyrtophlebium phyllitidis, Polypodium comosum,
Polypodium conjugatum, Polypodium gladiatum, 
Polypodium levigatum var. rigidum, Polypodium parallelinerve,
Polypodium phyllitidis, Polypodium phyllitidis var. elongatum,
Polypodium simplicifolium, Polypodium phyllitidis var. linneanum,
Polypodium phyllitidis var. swartzianum
The genus is incorrectly spelled "Campyloneuron" in some texts
Bird Nest Fern

Canna Species and Hybrids

Canna indica L.

Capiscum Species

Ornamental Pepper, Black Pearl
Cercestis Species

     Cercestis mirabilis (N.E. Br.) Bogner
The African Embossed Plant
Sometimes known as Rhektophyllum mirabilis

Chamaedorea Species

Chamaedorea microspadix Burret
Bamboo Palm, Hardy Bamboo Palm

Chrysalidocarpus Species

Chrysalidocarpus lutescens H.Wendl.
Areca Palm, Butterfly Palm

Cissus Species

Cissus amazonica Lindel

Cissus discolor Blume
Rex Begonia Vine, Painted Cissus

Colocasia Species

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Elephant Ear, ‘Black Magic', Taro, Wild Taro, Black Taro, Dalo, Dasheen,
Potato of the Tropics

Costus Species

Costus spiralis (Jacq.) Roscoe
Scarlet Spiral Flag Ginger  

Cyathea Species
Tree Ferns

Cyathea cooperi (F. Muell.) Domin
Australian Fern Tree, Lacy Tree Fern,
Queensland Tree Fern

Dieffenbachia Species

Dieffenbachia seguine (Jacq.) Schott
Dumb Cane, Spotted Dumbcane, Leopard lily, Galatea 

Epipremnum Species

Epipremnum aureum (Linden & André) G.S. Bunting
Giant Golden Pothos "Ivy"
Devil's Ivy, Devil's Claw Ivy

Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl.
Cebu Blue
Not Epipremnum aureum (Golden Pothos)

Synonyms: Epipremnum angustilobum, Epipremnum aureum, Epipremnum elegans, Epipremnum merrillii, Epipremnum mirabile, Monstera pinnata, Pothos aurea, Pothos pinnatus, Rhaphidophora aurea, Rhaphidophora cunninghamii, Rhaphidophora laciniata, Rhaphidophora lovellae, Rhaphidophora pinnata, Scindapsus pinnatus and others

Epiphyllum Species

Epiphyllum phyllanthus subspecies phyllanthus (L.) Haw.
Night Blooming Tropical Cactus

Etlingera Species

Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M. Sm.
Torch Gingers

Ficus Species

Ficus altissima Blume "variegata"
Lofty Fig, Variegated Rubber Tree or Council Tree


Heliconia psittacorum hybrids
The Lady Di, Golden Torch, Strawberries and Cream

Hemionitis Species
Specialized Ferns
Homalomena Species and Hybrids
Homalomena Hybrid
Cultivar 'Emerald Gem'


Huperzia Species
Club Mosses

Huperzia nummulariifolia (Blume) Chambers, Jermy & Crabbe
Basionym: Lycopodium nummularifolium Blume

Phlegmariurus nummularifolius
Non-scientific names found on the internet:
Huperzia nummularifolius (non-scientific)
Lycopodium nummularifolia (non-scientific) 

Common names: Tassel Fern, Club Moss, Fir Moss

Huperzia phlegmaria (L.) Rothm.
Synonyms: Lycopodium phlegmaria L,
Lepidotis phlegmaria
(L.) P. Beauv.,
Phlegmariurus phlegmaria (L.) Holub,
Phlegmariurus phlegmaria
(L.) U. Sen & T. Sen,
Urostachys phlegmaria (L.) Herter ex Nessel 

Common names: Lycopodium fern,
Coarse tassel fern, Tassel fern


 Impatiens Species

Medinilla Species

Medinilla magnifica Lindl.

Megaskapasma Species

Megaskepasma erythrochlamys Lindau

Microsorum (Microsorium) Species
Specialized Ferns

Microsorum thailandicum T. Boonkerd & Noot
often listed as
Microsorium thailandicum
Blue Fern, Blue Strap Fern, Scarab Fern
The iridescent Blue Fern that grows on trees and rocks





Monstera Species
(Related to Philodendron)

Monstera adansonii Schott 
t Synonym: Monstera friedrichsthalii  Schott
Sometimes known incorrectly as Monstera obliqua
Swiss Cheese Plant

Monstera deliciosa Liebm.
Monstera deliciosa var borsigiana(Engl.) Engl
Monstera deliciosa var sierrana
Also known as Philodendron pertusum
Swiss Cheese Philo

Monstera siltepecana Matuda

Monstera spruceana Engl.
Monstera steyermarkii
G.S. Bunting,
Basionym: Tornelia spruceana Schott



Nepenthes Species
Pitcher Plants

Nepenthes ventricosa Blanco
Carnivorous "Pitcher" Plant

Nephrolepis Species
Nephrolepis falcata (Cav.) C. Chr.
Boston Fern, Giant Boston Fern, Sword Fern,
 Fishtail Fern, Macho Fern,
 Commercially sold as ‘Fancy Frill Fern'

Peperomia Species

Peperomia caperata Yunck.
Peperomis griseoargentea Yunck.

Philodendron Species
Click here for information on growing
Philodendron species

          Philodendron 69686          
May not be a species
Possibly known as P. 69686a but incorrectly as P. 696869
Incorrectly known by some as "Philodendron joepii"

Philodendron 'Ace of Spades'
Philodendron 'King of Spades'
Philodendron albovirescens Sodiro ex Croat
This specimen was sold as
Philodendron corrugatum Croat

   Philodendron atabapoense  G.S. Bunting
Sometimes confused with Philodendron curvilobum
    Philodendron barrosoanum G.S. Bunting
Cow Faced Philodendron

   Philodendron billietiae Croat
Sometimes confused with
Philodendron grandifolium


Philodendron bipennifolium Schott
Horse Head Philodendron, Fiddle Leaf Philodendron Panda Plant

Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl.
Often sold as Philodendron selloum

Philodendron brandtianum K.Krause
often thought to be

Philodendron variifolium

Philodendron Brasil
Philodendron Brazil
a cultivar of
Philodendron hederaceum

Philodendron callosum K. Krause

Philodendron elegans K. Krause
Incorrectly Philodendron angustisectum
Sometimes called the Skeleton Aroid
Philodendron erubescens K. Koch & Augustin
 Red-leaf Philodendron, Blushing Philodendron, 
'Red Emerald' Philodendron

Philodendron esmeraldense Croat
Non-italicized since the species is not yet published

Philodendron 'Florida Beauty' Variegata
A Hybrid
Philodendron giganteum Schott
   Philodendron gigas Croat
"Philodendron glaucophyllum"
This is a non-scientific name for
Philodendron hastatum Engler

Philodendron gloriosum André

Philodendron hastatum K. Koch & Sello
Often known Incorrectly as Philodendron glaucophyllum, 
Philodendron elongatum and  P. domesticum

The Silver Sword Philodendron

Philodendron hederaceum  (Jacq.) Schott
Known as Philodendron scandens
 Philodendron micans,
Philodendron miduhoi
and a large number
of other names
  Velvet Philodendron, Velvet Leaf Philodendron,
 Heart leaf Philodendron

Philodendron heterocraspedum Croat & Bay

    "Philodendron holtonianum"
Possibly an unidentified species
Philodendron tripartitum


  Philodendron 'joepii'

Philodendron lacerum (Jacq.) Schott
Philodendron linnaei Kunth
Previously known as Philodendron longistyllum
 and misnomers such as "Philodendron longiloba".

Philodendron mamei André
Philodendron 'Marijke'
putative hybrid of
Philodendron goeldii  G.M. Barroso
Philodendron solimoesense A.C. Sm. (Albert Charles Smith)
from the collection of Joep Moonen in French Guiana

Philodendron martianum Engl.
Incorrectly known as Philodendron cannifolium Mart.

    Philodendron mayoi  E.G. Gonçalves
Sometimes spelled incorrectly as "Philodendron mayoii"

Philodendron maximum  K. Krause

    Philodendron melanochrysum  Linden & Andre
Sometimes known as Philodendron andreanum
Black Gold Philodendron,  Velour Philodendron

Philodendron melinonii Brongn. ex Regel

    Philodendron mexicanum Engl.
Also known as Philodendron latisagittium
Philodendron micans
a synonym of Philodendron hederaceum

Philodendron miduhoi
a synonym of
Philodendron hederaceum

  Philodendron moonenii Croat

Philodendron panduriforme (Kunth) Kunth
Synonym: Philodendron latilobum, Pothos panduriformis
Sometimes incorrectly associated with
Philodendron bipennifolium

    Philodendron spiritus-sancti G.S. Bunting
Known as Philodendron Santa Leopoldina

We do not have this extremely rare plant!

Philodendron squamiferum Poepp.& Endl.

        Philodendron stenolobum E.G. Gonçalves
    Sometimes known as Philodendron willamsii

     Philodendron subincisum Schott
Often known incorrectly as
"Philodendron wilsonii"

Philodendron Superbum
not a scientifically described species

   Philodendron variifolium Schott
Often used incorrectly for
brandtianum K. Krause

    Philodendron verrucosum L. Mathieu
     Sometimes known as Philodendron discolor
or Philodendron pilatonense

Philodendron warszewiczii K. Koch & C.D. Bouché
    Philodendron williamsii Hook. f.
Philodendron xanadu Croat, Mayo & Boos 2002
Philodendeon 'winterbourn'
No Longer considered a hybrid.
Philodendron species unknown
collected near Chocó, Colombia

Philodendron species unknown
collected near
Limón, Ecuador
species unknown

Philodendron species unknown
This plant is incorrectly sold as

rubrocinctum Engl.
It appears to be an unknown species
possibly collected in Ecuador


Platycerium Species
Staghorn Ferns

Platycerium alcicorne (Willemet) Desv.
Staghorn Fern

Rhaphidophora Species

  Rhaphidophora tetrasperma Hook.f.
Incorrectly as Amydrium tetrasperma or Amydrium species 'Ginnie'

Ravenea Species

Ravenea rivularis Jum. & H. Perrier
Majesty Palm

Schlumbergera subgen. Zygocactus
Christmas Cactus

Schlumbergera subgen. Zygocactus (K. Schum.) Moran
Zygocactus altensteinii,  Zygocactus candidus, Zygocactus delicatus,
Zygocactus obtusangulus, Zygocactus opuntioides, Zygocactus truncatus,
Common Names:  Christmas Cactus, Zygocactus

Spathiphyllum species and hybrids

Spathiphyllum, an over view of Species and hybrids
"Spath", Peace Lily, Snow Flower

Strelitzia Species

Strelitzia nicolai Regal & Körn

White Bird of Paradise

Syngonium Species

Syngonium podophyllum Schott

       Xanthosoma Species        

Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott
Arrowleaf Elephant Ear, Malanga, Yautia, Tannia, Mangarás, New Cocoyam, Tajer, Tanier, Taioba, Chou Caribe, Cascamote and many other common names.


Xanthosoma violaceum Schott
Purple Stem Taro
Zamioculcas Species
 Also known as Zamioculcas loddigesii, Zamiacaulcas zamiafolia,
Zamioculcas lanceolata,
and strangely
Caladium zamiaefolium
Aroid Palm, Arum Fern, ZZ Plant  
Zingiber Species

Zingiber zerumbet Rose. ex Sm.
Shampoo Ginger, Pinecone Ginger, Opuhi